What are Skin Blemishes and What Causes Them?

What are blemishes? After all, it can get confusing at times given there are so many names for different types of acne and skin concerns. Pimples, blackheads, whiteheads—these are just a few names for those little skin enemies. So again, what is blemished skin and exactly what causes blemishes? We’re here to help you define a blemish and offer up ways to manage blemished skin. Read on to learn what they are, what causes them in the first place and everything else you’ve been wondering about those pesky spots.

WHAT ARE BLEMISHES?

Trust us here - it’s simpler than you thought. Whilst the dictionary defines a blemish as a noticeable imperfection, when it comes to skin care, the term blemish is used interchangeably to describe acne.

Acne typically refers to the appearance of blemishes or small, inflamed bumps on the skin’s surface. The best way to think of a blemish is as a visible mark, bump or spot on the skin. Did you know there are several types of acne blemishes? We’ll break them down for you.

BLACKHEADS AND WHITEHEADS

These black and white marks appear when your pores are clogged with excess oil, bacteria and dead skin cells. When the pore closes up, a flesh-coloured or white bump will develop—AKA a whitehead. However, if the pore fills with debris and remains open, a blackhead will form.

PAPULES

Papules are commonly known as pimples, forming when excess oil, bacteria and dead skin cells move deeper into the skin—which then causes inflammation.

PUSTULES

If you’re suffering from pus-filled bumps, these are commonly known as pustules. Similar to papules, the main difference is that these bumps are filled with yellow fluid. They may show up with a white or yellow-coloured centre.

ACNE NODULES & CYSTS

These blemishes will be bigger than your standard pimple. They’re known for penetrating deeper into the skin, and unfortunately may leave certain types of acne scars once healed.

WHAT CAUSES BLEMISHES?

In order to understand why blemished skin occurs, you’ll need to understand the causes of acne. Sensitivity to hormones, plus the combination of surface bacteria and lipids (fatty acids) within oil glands contribute to acne. Acne will often start as a clogged pore, progressing to papules and pustules as the bacteria spreads. The development of fungal acne (an overgrowth of yeast within hair follicles) can also cause blemishes.

HOW TO MANAGED BLEMISHED SKIN

Now that you know what acne-prone skin is, and why blemishes occur, let’s learn how to tackle these pesky spots, reduce their appearance and help to prevent them once and for all!

GRAB A FACIAL SCRUB

Regardless of the types of pimples or blemishes you’re dealing with, the first step to skin restoration is to use a facial scrub. The Sugar Scrubs Purifying Face Scrub is perfect for deep exfoliation, reduction of blackheads and blemishes, and skin purification. This scrub combines three fine sugars with kiwi seeds to instantly reveal a clearer complexion and smooth, baby-soft skin. When exfoliating, be sure to listen to your skin! Some people can handle everyday exfoliators, whilst others with sensitive skin may need to limit them to once or twice a week.

USE PRODUCTS WITH BENZOYL PEROXIDE

Benzoyl peroxide works as an antibacterial treatment to get rid of blemishes. It’s often found in creams, gels and cleansers—so get your hands on one of these products to keep your skin in top form.

AVOID PICKING AT YOUR BLEMISHES

As hard as it may be, try not to touch your face too much when dealing with a blemish. This can cause bacteria to spread—which leads to more blemishes and prevents your current ones from going away.

GIVE YOUR SKIN CARE REGIMEN TIME

Whilst we may wish that one use of our skin care products would instantly fix our acne problems, your skin will require some time to adjust. It’s advised to allow your skin treatments 4-6 weeks to begin working. One product that we recommend adding to your regimen is the Pure Clay Marine Algae Anti-Blemish Face Mask. This mask combines three pure clays with the soothing properties of Marine Algae Extract (how cool!) to help clear blackheads and tighten pores. With regular use, your skin will become more purified, smoother and radiant.

BOOK AN APPOINTMENT WITH YOUR DERMATOLOGIST

Consulting with a certified dermatologist is never a bad idea. Your dermatologist will be able to explore what causes blemishes for you and offer advice on treatments and products that can assist in clearing your skin.

The best way to prevent blemishes is to find a skin care routine that keeps your face looking and feeling fresh. Discover the basics by reading our article on Our Foolproof Skincare Routine for All Skin Types!